spacerWTGA
833.344.1114
info@wtga.us
April 12, 2024
HOMEspacer | ABOUT spacer | MAPSspacer | NEWS TIPS? spacer | WT FREE SMS WATER ALERTS spacer SIGN-UPspacer | LOGIN spacer | UNSUBSCRIBE spacer |spacerspacerspacer     WT INTERNATIONAL


3/8/2024

WT Staff

Harmful Algae Bloom Tracker
as of March 19, 2024


Enterococcus Bacterial Alerts from Georgia Healthy Beaches


    Permanent Advisories
    • Jekyll Clam Creek Beach Permanent Advisory - Enterococcus measured at 4 cfu per 100 ml January 2, 2024
    • St. Andrew's Beach Permanent Advisory - Enterococcus measured at 9 cfu per 100 ml January 2, 2024


    Georgia Healthy Beaches new and improved interactive map
    Reposted from Georgia Healthy Beaches website Sep 15 2023

    The Coastal Resources Division (CRD) of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources recently updated its Healthy Beaches advisory map and website to make it easier to navigate and quickly find resources to plan your next beach trip, said Ed Zmarzly, CRD's Healthy Beaches program manager.

    "Our Healthy Beaches online map has been revamped to show beach water-quality testing segments, nearby restrooms, parking areas, first-aid stations and seasonal lifeguard stands," Zmarzly said.

    "Our hope is that beachgoers will be able to find the latest information easily on any device, from mobile phones to desktop computers." Georgia's Healthy Beaches Program website at CoastalGaDNR.org/HealthyBeaches has been online for more than a decade.

    But the newest redesign states exactly what the conditions are on a beach segment they are visiting, Zmarzly added. The website and map are also responsive. Therefore, they automatically re-size for viewing on any device.

    Staff with CRD's Shellfish and Water Quality Unit test beaches on Tybee, Jekyll, and St. Simons Islands every week during the summer months, and every other week in the off-season. In each beach-testing segment, technicians collect water samples and data. A CRD lab in Brunswick analyzes this data. When samples show elevated levels of the bacteria Enterococcus, the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) issues swimming advisories.

    "A swimming advisory does not mean the beach is closed," said Ginger Heidel, a risk communicator with DPH's Coastal Health District.

    CRD lab technicians test water samples for CFUs, or "colony forming units" of bacteria. When a sample exceeds the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's threshold of 70 CFUs or greater, DPH issues a swim advisory for that beach segment. The site tests again until the bacteria levels drop to acceptable levels. At this point DPH issues a notice lifting the advisory.

    "That's why it's also important to pick up your pet's waste when you're visiting the beach or make sure your infant is wearing a proper swim diaper if you plan to enter the water with your baby," Zmarzly said.

    Waste can also enter coastal waters from accidental discharge, boat waste, and other sources.

    Source: https://coastalgadnr.org/

    Anyone with questions may contact CRD's Tyler Jones at tyler.jones@dnr.ga.gov or 912-264-7218.


    WTGA calls for public input for reporting of HABs in Georgia
    Report HABs observed in water bodies of Georgia by email: info@wtga.us

    HABs constitute a public health risk for swimmers, waders, pets, livestock and drinking water supplies. The Georgia Environmental Protection Division receives HABs reports, as do the County Health offices. Reporting HABs observations here is a way to communicate to the public where HABs may be preventing access to beaches and where attention and caution may be exercised while enjoying the lakes.

    Report sightings of algae with the appearance of spilled paint or grass clippings to info@wtga.us with location details and a photo. We tag these reports to our map to alert the public. The identity of the reporting party is not disclosed.

    According to the Chattahoochee Riverkeeper, 2021 presented the first animal death suspected linked to a HAB on the main stem of the Chattahoochee River. The location of the HAB is reported as "Bull Sluice Lake along the Gold Branch Trail near trail marker GB-7". Confirmed reports of HABs on Lake Harding in the Middle Chattahoochee region in July and August 2021 and again at the end of August 2023.
    From the Chattahoochee Riverkeeper description of harmful algal blooms, "HABs, are created when high amounts of naturally occurring cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae) grow out of control and produce cyanotoxins that can be harmful to animal and human health. Cyanotoxins can cause human and animal illness through skin contact, ingestion, or inhalation. Different species of cyanobacteria produce different toxins that impact the nervous system, liver, skin, or stomach."

    Georgia Lakes HABs monitoring coming soon

    Lake Allatoona
    Lake Burton
    Lake Harding
    Lake Hartwell
    High Falls Lake
    Jackson Lake
    Lake Juliette
    Lake Keonee
    Lake Lanier Lake Lanier Association reports no bluegreen algae bloom
    Nottely Lake
    Lake Oconee
    Lake Oliver
    Lake Rabun
    Lake Russell
    Lake Seminole
    Lake Sinclair
    Tallulah Falls Lake
    Lake Tobesofskee
    Lake Varner
    Lake Wildwood

    For more information about the Georgia Healthy Beaches program https://coastalgadnr.org/healthybeaches

    Understanding HABs - Cyanobacteria
    from Georgia Department of Public Health, Coastal Health District
    To report a bloom or find information on current conditions at your local water body, contact any of the following:
    • Georgia Environmental Protection Division at (912) 264-7284
    • Georgia Coastal Resources Division at (912) 264-7218
    • Georgia Coastal Health District (912) 262-2342

    HABS - Harmful Algae Blooms Sources of Information
    WaterToday collects algal bloom monitoring information from state and federal agencies including but not limited to the CDC, EPA, NOAA and state public health authorities. 

    HABs alerts are posted on our state maps according to the best available information reported by citizen groups, universities, state and/or federal monitoring agencies.


    Before you head out to the beach, pond or stream, check with local authorities to confirm the latest HABs conditions.
    Consider carrying a rapid test kit for microcystin, the most common of the cyanobacteria toxins.

    Sources for algal bloom data:
    Environmental Protection Agency Cyanobacteria Assessment Network (CyAN)
    The mission of the CyAN project is to support the environmental management and public use of U.S. lakes and estuaries by providing a useful and accessible approach to detecting and quantifying algal blooms and related water quality using satellite data records. 
    What is CyAN?:  Mobile and web-based application for cyanobacteria monitoring
    How does it work?  Users can enter the coordinates or name of local water bodies for monitoring information. 
    The CyAN project officially started October 1, 2015. It provided continental U.S. coverage using the Envisat MERIS archive from 2002-2012
    Sign up here: https://www.epa.gov/water-research/cyanobacteria-assessment-network-application-cyan-app

    Centers for Disease Control

    Environmental Public Health Tracking provides data and information on health outcomes, the environment, population, and exposures, including harmful algal blooms occurring in water bodies of the USA, both freshwater and marine.

    CDC Public Notice on harmful Algae Blooms

    It is not possible to know if a large growth, or bloom, of algae or cyanobacteria (also called bluegreen algae) is harmful just by looking at it. Some blooms make toxins (poisons), which can still be in the water even when you can’t see a bloom. Learn how to protect yourself and your loved ones from harmful algae and cyanobacteria, what to do if you or a pet is exposed to them, and how to help prevent these blooms.

    Swimming and Wading: 
    Stay out of water with a bloom, rinse off if you or your pets are in contact with water
    If you see signs of a bloom, stay out of the water and keep your pets out of the water. Do not fish, swim, boat, or play water sports in areas where this is possible harmful algae or cyanobacteria.

    Do not go into or play in water that:
    • Smells bad
    • Looks discolored
    • Has foam, scum, algal mats, or paint-like streaks on the surface
    • Has dead fish or other animals washed up on its shore or beach
    Protect your pets and livestock from getting sick by keeping them away from water with possible harmful algae or cyanobacteria. Do not let animals:

    • Get in the water
    • Drink the water
    • Lick or eat mats of cyanobacteria or algae
    • Eat or graze near the water
    • Eat dead fish or other animals on the shore
    • Go on the beach or shoreline
    If you or your pets do go in water that may have a bloom, rinse yourself and your pets immediately afterward with tap water from a sink, shower, hose, or outdoor spigot. Do not let pets lick their fur until they have been rinsed. Pets may have harmful algae, cyanobacteria, or related toxins on their fur if they swim or play in water with a bloom.

    Do not fill pools with water directly from lakes, rivers, or ponds. The water could contain algal or cyanobacterial toxins or unsafe levels of germs.

     
    Drinking Water
    Follow local guidance about toxins in tap water
    If you are notified of cyanobacteria or their toxins in your public drinking water supply, follow guidance from your local or state government or water utility to reduce the chances of you or your animals getting sick.

    Harmful cyanobacteria may grow in water bodies that supply tap water. Although many water treatment plants can remove these toxins, tap water can be contaminated in certain situations. Cyanobacteria can also produce substances that are not harmful, but can change the taste or smell of tap water.
    If you have concerns about the appearance, smell, or taste of tap water that you are using, contact your water utility or health department. Consider using bottled water for drinking and cooking until the problem is resolved.

    Don’t boil water contaminated with toxins


    Boiling water does not remove toxins and can concentrate the toxin.

    Fish and shellfish:



    Be aware of advisories and health risks related to eating contaminated fish and shellfish


    Avoid eating very large reef fish such as grouper or amberjack, especially the head, gut, liver, or eggs. Large reef fish may be contaminated with ciguatoxin, the algal toxin that causes ciguatera fish poisoning

    See the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance for more information on reef fish associated with unsafe levels of toxins.


    Check for and follow local shellfish and fish advisories before eating any fish or shellfish you collect yourself. Algal and cyanobacterial toxins in fish or shellfish have no taste or odor. Cooking or preserving food does not remove toxins. Thus, you cannot tell if the seafood is safe by just looking at, smelling, or tasting it.



      Check to see if shellfish beds are closed. State shellfish control authorities -- usually state health departments or other state agencies -- are required to control for toxins where harmful algal blooms are likely to occur and toxins could build up in shellfish. Common ways state authorities control for algal toxins include routine monitoring for toxic algae or shellfish and testing shellfish for toxins before or after harvesting. If levels of toxins are unsafe, state authorities will close the area for shellfish harvesting until shellfish are safe to eat.



      Check safety advisories from the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Fish and Shellfish Advisories and Safe Eating Guidelines website.



    Report any concerns to your local public health authorities.



     

    EPA notice to the public on harmful algae



    Harmful algal blooms can be green, blue, red or brown. They can be scummy or look like paint on the surface of the water.


    What are harmful algal blooms?


    Harmful algal blooms are overgrowths of algae in water. Some produce dangerous toxins in fresh or marine water but even nontoxic blooms hurt the environment and local economies.


    What are the effects of harmful algal blooms?


    Harmful algal blooms can:


    • Produce extremely dangerous toxins that can sicken or kill people and animals

    • Create dead zones in the water

    • Raise treatment costs for drinking water

    • Hurt industries that depend on clean water

    The EPA has a role in enforcing environmental protection regulations to limit discharges into water bodies that contribute to the growth of harmful algal blooms.


    The EPA also maintains list of Impaired Water Bodies by state, those water bodies that are not supporting their ideal uses for recreation, including swimming, fishing and wading.  The EPA works with state authorities to identify water bodies that are not supporting their intended recreational uses, to set daily maximum limits for contaminants and nutrient load for impaired water bodies.  The EPA works with state and other federal agencies to investigate and prosecute violations of the Clean Water Act, with a role in ordering watershed plans that limit discharges to these water bodies to allow for recovery.


    Follow WT Clean Water Act Crime Box to learn about the work of the EPA in historic criminal prosecutions involving illegal discharges to water bodies, or making false reports about discharges.


    Check out our With the Flow report weekly to see spills, streamflows, algae blooms and drinking water advisories occurring in the same drainage area in the same time frame.


    Marine Blooms - Red Tide

    Q. What is red tide?


    A. Red Tide is caused by microscopic algae (plant-like microorganism) called Karenia brevis or K. brevis. The organism produces a toxin that can affect the central nervous system of fish, birds, mammals and other animals.


    Q: Is Red Tide, red?


    A: At high concentrations (called blooms), the organisms may discolor the water – sometimes red, light or dark green, brown, or clear.


    Q: Where does Red Tide occur?


    A: Red tides occur worldwide. K. brevis is found almost exclusively in the Gulf of Mexico but has been found on the east coast of Florida and off the coast of North Carolina.


    Q: How long does it last?


    A: Red tide blooms can last days, weeks or months and can also change daily due to wind conditions. Onshore winds normally bring it near the shore and offshore winds drive it out to sea.


    Q: What causes Red Tide?


    A. A red tide bloom needs biology (the organisms), chemistry (natural or man-made nutrients for growth), and physics (concentrating and transport mechanisms). No single factor causes it. Tests are being conducted to see if coastal nutrients enhance or prolong blooms.


    Q: Can I swim in water affected by Red Tide?


    A: Most people can swim in red tide but it can cause skin irritation and burning eyes. If your skin is easily irritated, avoid red tide water. If you experience irritation, get out and thoroughly wash off with fresh water. Swimming near dead fish is not recommended.


    Q: What are the symptoms I may experience after contact with Red Tide?


    A: Symptoms from breathing red tide toxins are normally coughing, sneezing and teary eyes. These are usually temporary when red tide toxins are in the air. Wearing a particle filter mask may lessen the affects, and using over-the-counter antihistamines may decrease your symptoms. Check the marine forecast. Fewer toxins are in the air when the wind is blowing offshore.


    Q: Are there people who are more sensitive to the toxins?


    A: People with respiratory problems (like asthma or bronchitis) should avoid red tide areas, especially when winds are blowing toxins onto the shore. If you go to the beach, take your short acting inhaler with you. If you have symptoms, leave the beach and seek air conditioning.


    Q: Who do I call if I think I have become sick from Red Tide?

    A: Please consult with your primary care physician and contact the Coastal Health District at 912-262-2342.


    Q: Can I eat seafood at restaurants during a Red Tide?


    A: Commercial seafood found in restaurants and grocery stores is safe because it comes from red tide free water and is monitored by the government for safety.


    Q: Can I eat seafood from recreational harvesting during a Red Tide?


    A: Recreational fisherman must be careful:


  • Do not eat mollusks -- clams or oysters-- taken from red tide waters, as they contain toxins that cause a food poisoning called NSP --Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning.

  • Finfish caught live and healthy can be eaten if filleted.

  • Use common sense! Harvesting distressed or dead animals is not advised under any circumstances.

  • Edible parts of other animals commonly called shellfish -- crabs, shrimp and lobsters -- are not affected by the red tide organisms and can be eaten. Do not eat the tamale -- the green stuff, hepatopancreas.









All rights reserved 2024 - WTGA - This material may not be reproduced in whole or in part and may not be distributed,
publicly performed, proxy cached or otherwise used, except with express permission.